Potassium is an important mineral that is present in humans and many other living organisms. Along with sodium, it helps to maintain the balance of electrolytes between the inside and outside of cells. Sodium has a higher concentration outside the cell, while potassium is more concentrated on the interior. This difference in electrolytes allows cells to move substances and carry out metabolic processes.
Potassium is a necessary micronutrient for many bodily functions. In this article, we will discuss how low potassium levels can manifest themselves through symptoms in the musculoskeletal system and the heart. There may also be effects on the brain and other organs.
Hypokalemia, or low potassium, is described as having a serum potassium concentration lower than 3.5 mEq/L. This electrolyte imbalance can be fatal, but some individuals may not show any symptoms. It is possible to have a low potassium level and not have any noticeable signs; it all depends on the individual and the severity of the potassium deficiency.
Symptomatic patients typically display the following signs and symptoms:
Fatigue is a frequent symptom of potassium deficiency. There are various reasons for this, such as alterations in the muscles and bones, as well as the reduced uptake and breakdown of other nutrients due to low potassium levels.
Potassium balance is essential for various chemical reactions. It allows cells to transport substances within and between them. If nutrients are not effectively metabolized, our energy levels will decline and we will feel fatigued.