In certain situations, surgery is employed as a form of treatment, such as:
- Those who do not react positively to traditional treatment
- Individuals who suffer from a severe condition where their fingers are unable to be straightened and remain stiff.
- Children: It is essential to be aware that adults usually do not experience any long-term complications due to trigger finger, but children, whose bones are still growing, may end up with a permanent deformity and a lack of hand mobility, thereby requiring surgery as a solution.
Surgery options include an open procedure that requires an incision and dissection to reach the tendon, or a percutaneous option that can be done without incision and leaves a smaller scar. In either case, the surgery involves cutting a fibrous band in the finger that is preventing the extension of the fingers.
This is thought to be a minor operation and can be completed without the need for general anaesthesia. Your doctor may recommend using a regional block, which is a type of anaesthesia that numbs only your arm.
After the operation, the doctor will put your hand in a short-term splint for a few days. Then you will be encouraged to begin moving it again, possibly with the assistance of physical therapy. It’s not probable that you’ll need more than one procedure, and only the fingers with trigger finger will be operated on.